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Vocational Training
in Rural Development and Ecology

Module 4. Eco-tourism and tourism in rural areas (Buryat State Academy of Agriculture).

Module 1. Sustainable development: key terms and theoretical basis (Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy).

Module 8. Participatory approach in rural development (Kostroma State Agricultural Academy).

Tempus Programm


Tempus – the program financed by the European Union, directed on support of processes of modernisation of higher education in the countries-partners from the Eastern Europe, the Central Asia, the Western Balkans and the Mediterranean, mainly, through projects of interuniversity cooperation. The program promotes voluntary integration of systems of higher education of the countries-partners into the all-European processes, such as «Bologna process» and to acceptance of «Lisbon strategy». Except cooperation strengthening at level of educational institutions, Tempus promotes an establishment and development of interpersonal contacts.


The program is one of the most long, its first stage has begun in 1990: Tempus I – 1990—1994;

Tempus II – 1994—1998;

Tempus II bis – 1998—2000;

Tempus III – 2000—2006 ;

Tempus IV – 2007—2013.


Management and the control of realisation of all types of projects within the limits of program Tempus carries out Executive agency by training, to culture and audiovisual means (EACEA) which is in conducting the European Commission.


Directly in the countries-partners national offices Tempus, and in EU Member States - national contact points Tempus are engaged in popularization of the program and rendering of information and consulting support of participants of the program.


Overall objective of program Tempus – creation of area of cooperation in sphere of higher education of the EU countries and the countries-partners representing regions of good neighborhood.


For achievement of this purpose within the limits of the program specific targets are:

  • Assistance to reforming and higher education modernization in the countries-partners.
  • Improvement of quality and demands of higher education sphere of work and a society in the countries-partners.
  • Escalating of potential of educational institutions of the EU countries and the countries-partners, especially in the field of the international cooperation, modernization and an openness for work and society sphere on purpose:
  1. overcomings interstate dissociation in the field of higher education and a fragmentariness of higher education within the limits of  separately taken country;
  2. developments of the interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach  within the limits of university faculties;
  3. increases of a demand of graduates of higher educational institutions;
  4. increases of appeal of the European space of higher education in the world.
  • Assistance to development of manpower resources.
  • Mutual understanding improvement between the people and cultures of the EU countries and the countries-partners.